Fiji is an archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean made up of approximately 322 islands and hundreds of islets. The population lives on 106 of the islands, but the vast majority live on two major islands (Viti Levu and Vanua Levu).
The islands were occupied long before the Europeans arrived, but how they arrived and from where remains an open question. The islands became a British colony in 1874, and independence was achieved in 1970.
Fiji's economy is well developed, yet many of the people still get by day to day. Sugar is the major source of economic income. Fishing, forestry, mining and tourism also play important roles.