In 1991, the Republic of Macedonia peacefully seceded from Yugoslavia. However, Greece took issue with the name since there was already a region in northern Greece known as Macedonia. Macedonia is also the name given to a loosely defined geographical (and historical) region of the Balkan peninsula.
Because of the naming dispute, the United Nations has agreed to refer to the country as 'the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia' (or FYR Macedonia for short).
Macedonia has a rich cultural heritage, particularly in religious architecture and art. Its Byzantine fresco paintings are among the best in the world [example]. The country also features perfectly preserved monasteries and churches, particularly from the 11th and 15th-16th centuries.