The stylized animals on this series of Kazakhstan coins is based on Scythian (Saka) figurines found during excavations of burial mounds.
Here is the Kazakh National Bank's explanation for this image:
"Archar" is an animal, which is the most respected by all Eurasian nomads. Imaginations of godlike sun and light principles were connected to it. Archar itself and its inviolate horns (khoshkar-muyiz) is the most popular mythological topic of Kazakh folklore. The representation was taken from memorials of Issyk Turmulus (VI-IV centuries BCE.).
I am told that Archar is based on an Argali, which is a very large mountain sheep.
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