Togo is a small country with less than 4 million people. It was a German Protectorate known as German Togoland (1884-1914), and after World War I the area was divided between Great Britain and France.
In 1957 the British portion voted to join Ghana to the west and the French portion became the independent Republic of Togo in 1960.
Approximately two-thirds of the population is engaged in agriculture. Cotton, coffee, and cocoa are the main exports, along with phosphates.